United States

The North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) was designated the Electric Reliability Organization (ERO) by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission pursuant to section 215 of the Federal Power Act. The ERO is responsible for developing and enforcing a technically sufficient set of mandatory reliability standards for the electric industry. These reliability standards define the requirements for planning and operating the Bulk Power System (BPS) and are applicable to those that own, operate and use the interconnected BPS. See the full list of NERC Reliability Standards.

NERC develops standards using a results-based approach that focuses on performance, risk management, and entity capabilities. The Reliability Functional Model defines the functions that need to be performed to ensure the BPS operates reliably and is the foundation upon which the NERC reliability standards are based. The NERC Standards Committee (SC) oversees and prioritizes NERC’s standards development activities.

Currently, MRO does not have any regional reliability standards nor does it anticipate developing any. The MRO CMEP Advisory Council does maintain a regional standards development process in the event the need for a regional reliability standard arises.


MRO’s role is similar in both Canada and the United States. While the approval process varies between Manitoba and Saskatchewan, generally the NERC Reliability Standards are mandatory and enforceable in these provinces.

Authority over electricity generation and transmission in Canada rests primarily with provincial governments. Both Manitoba and Saskatchewan have recognized NERC as an electric Reliability Standards setting organization and have committed to supporting NERC and MRO in their respective roles. MRO has a memorandum of understanding with Saskatchewan whose standard setting body is Saskatchewan Electric Reliability Authority (SERA). For current SERA Reliability Standards see their website. In Manitoba, MRO’s authority is provided within the Manitoba Hydro Act (C.C.S.M. c. H190, M.R. 77/2018, Schedule 1 (Section 2)) which also lists the current Reliability Standards. Both provinces work closely with MRO and the ERO.​